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Uruguay poised to legalize gay marriage nationwide

(Associated Press) Gay pride ribbons hang outside Parliament in Dec. 2012, as lawmakers debated a same sex marriage law in Montevideo, Uruguay. (Associated Press) Gay pride ribbons hang outside Parliament in Dec. 2012, as lawmakers debated a same sex marriage law in Montevideo, Uruguay.

MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay (AP) - Uruguay's lawmakers were debating Wednesday night whether to legalize gay marriage.

Their vote would make Uruguay the third country in the Americas after Canada and Argentina to eliminate laws making marriage, adoption and other family rights exclusive to heterosexuals. In all, 11 other nations around the world have already taken this step.

The "marriage equality project" was already approved by ample majorities in both houses, but senators made some changes requiring a final vote by the deputies. Among them: gay and lesbian foreigners will now be allowed to come to Uruguay to marry, just as heterosexual couples can, said Michelle Suarez, a member of the Black Sheep Collective, a gay rights group that drafted the proposal.

President Jose Mujica's ruling Broad Front majority is expected to put the law into effect within 10 days of the vote.

Whereas some other countries have carved out new territory for gay and lesbian couples without affecting heterosexual marrieds, Uruguay is creating a single set of rules for all people, gay or straight. Instead of the words "husband and wife" in marriage contracts, it refers to the gender-neutral "contracting parties."

All couples will get to decide which parent's surname comes first when they have children. All couples can adopt, or undergo in-vitro fertilization procedures.

It also updates divorce laws in Uruguay, which in 1912 gave women only the right to unilaterally renounce their wedding vows as a sort of equalizer to male power. Now either spouse will be able to unilaterally request a divorce and get one. The law also changes the age when people can legally marry from 12 years old for girls and 14 for boys- people of either gender would need to be at least 16.

Mujica, who spent more than a decade in prison for his actions as a leftist guerrilla in the 1970s, and still lives on a ramshackle flower farm in a poor neighborhood on the edge of Uruguay's capital, has pushed for a series of liberal laws recently. Congress agreed to decriminalize abortion, but he had to table an effort to put the government in charge of the marijuana business, saying society has to reach consensus on that idea first.

Uruguay's Roman Catholic Church asked lawmakers to vote their conscience and challenged the label of "marriage equality" as a false pretext, saying it's "not justice but an inconsistent assimilation that will only further weaken marriage."


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