Heart of Louisiana: 1915 hurricane
RUDDOCK, LA (WVUE) - If you've ever driven I-55 between Laplace and Ponchatoula, you've probably noticed an exit for Ruddock.
Today it's only a boat launch, but a century ago, it was a thriving railroad town until a hurricane washed it away.
In the mid-1850's, the first rail line curved around the western shore of Lake Pontchartrain traveling through the swamp and deep cypress forests between Laplace and Ponchatoula. That train also had stops at several small settlements along the route – Ruddock, a small sawmill town with a population of up to a thousand, and further south, Napton and Frenier.
"That was the stove that was in the Frenier train station," says Wayne Norwood.
Norwood, a retired policeman and sheriff's deputy, has spent the past few decades digging into the history of those lost communities. He's collected thousands of bottles and everyday houseware tools.
"There are grind stones and you sharpened the knives and axes."
Many of the early settlers were German immigrants, like the family of Helen Schlosser Burg. The train was their link to the outside world, picking up orders and delivering groceries and supplies.
"There was a local train that come out every morning and go back every evening," says Burg.
Burg was interviewed by Norwood in 1990. She recalls how life changed in a single day, Wednesday, September 29, 1915.
The first hint of disaster arrived the day before.
"The train passed on the railroad and he threw a newspaper off and it was telling them about a hurricane that was going to come," says Norwood.
"Papa used to say, 'You know, I'm worried," he said 'some storm like that might come here someday.' And sure enough, the next day came," says Burg.
The hurricane slammed New Orleans with winds of near 100 miles per hour. A deadly storm surge and waves pushed toward the western end of the lake.
"The rain was so strong, it was just like buckshot hitting you in the face. Them waves was almost hitting under the house when Papa took us out," says Burg.
First, the family sought refuge in the school house. But the relentless winds and rising water were shaking the walls.
"Papa said we better get out of here because we'll all get killed. Let's go in the boat and go in the swamp. So that what we were sitting in the swamp, all of us kids were crying."
Then they heard the engines whistle. Families made their way to the train.
"They got in the train and started toward New Orleans and when they got there by the Spillway, the track had washed away and got covered by debris. So he starts backing up like he's going toward Manchac and the track was washed away there," says Norwood.
Survivors huddled in the train's caboose as the water rose inside.
"Praying and kneeling in the caboose and praying," says Burg.
"You were kneeling down in the water in the train and praying?" Norwood asked Burg.
"Yeah, in the caboose," says Burg.
The next morning, the settlements of Ruddock, Napton and Frenier were gone.
"There wasn't no house left. All washed away," says Burg.
An estimated 28 people died in the area. Their bodies were found in debris, the woods and swamp.
"They had a little floating outfit and they put them on there and brought them up to the cemetery," says Burg.
Home sites were abandoned. Communities vanished.
"That was dishware and stuff that was in the people's houses when the storm hit and just to show you the devastation. That's what's left. It's just broken pieces," says Norwood.
Those fragments from the past are all that's left from communities that were changed forever in a single day a century ago.
Wayne Norwood wrote a book about the Hurricane called "Time Stood Still".
He also collects artifacts on display at his Louisiana Treasures Museum near Ponchatoula, which is open Friday through Sunday.
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